Dr. MAK, Calvin
(HK, China)

Consultant Neurosurgery,
Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Hong Kong

Dr. MAK, Calvin Photo


Calvin MAK

Other Author:

FRCSEd(SN), FHKAM(Surgery)

Author Affiliation:

1. Consultant Neurosurgery, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Hong Kong
2. Cluster Coordinator (Information Technology / Information Systems), Kowloon Central Cluster, Hong Kong
3. Honorary Clinical Associate Professor, Department of Surgery, The Chinese University of Hong Kong


Telemedicine; Telehealth; Smart Hospital; 5G; COVID-19


Telemedicine is the provision of preventive, promotive, and curative healthcare services by healthcare professionals at a distance using information and communication technologies. The goals are to overcome physical barriers, provide clinical support, and ultimately improve health outcomes. The Medical Council of Hong Kong has issued a set of general principles on telemedicine for medical practitioners as a reference. Amid the COVID-19 pandemic, the development and adoption of telemedicine have sped up. Current initiatives include remote teleconsultation, multidisciplinary consultations, 5G operation theater, critical care transport using telemedicine facilities, integration with the internet of things (IoT) devices, and information systems.



Funding Source:


Conflict of Interests:

The author reports no conflicts of interest related to this study.


Dr Calvin Mak is a Consultant neurosurgeon at Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Hong Kong, and also serves as Clinical Associate Professor (Honorary) of the Department of Surgery, the Chinese University of Hong Kong. After graduating from the University of Hong Kong, he attained his fellowship of FRCSEd (SN) in 2014. He holds official positions in different professional bodies, including Honorary Secretary of Hong Kong Neurosurgical Society and council member of the Hong Kong Neuro-oncology Society. He received the Outstanding Team Award in 2021 and the Young Achiever Award in 2020 of the Hospital Authority of Hong Kong. His clinical and research interest includes endoscopic and open skull base surgery, neuro-endoscopy, trauma, minimally invasive brain and spine surgery. He has been invited as a regular faculty and instructor for various international skull base courses and meetings. Dr Mak is also interested in incorporating information technology and next generation technology into clinical practice, and currently serves as the Cluster Coordinator of Information Technology and Information Systems for Kowloon Central Cluster of Hong Kong.